stress-related

DISORDERS

Fact

Stress/anxiety related disorders will affect one in eleven Americans during their lifetimes.
- National Institute of Mental Health

UNDERSTANDING

stress related disorders

Know the facts.

definition • ocd • ptsd

DEFINITION: There are several types of stress-related disorders. Each has different symptoms, but all include overwhelming fear, worry and/or stress.

Everyone experiences stress. However, a stress-related disorder differs [from everyday stress] in the following ways:

  1. it is more severe, 
  2. it is longer lasting, and 
  3. it interferes with a person’s life.

Two types of stress-related disorders:

[1] Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is when obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors accompany feelings of anxiety. The person engages in compulsive behaviors to try to calm their brain and stop the unwanted thoughts. 

[2] Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can develop after a terrifying event such as a fire or car accident. After the event, someone with PTSD feels persistent fear, helplessness or horror.

symptoms • signs

OCD (obsessive-compulsive disorder)
obsessions are thoughts and compulsions are behaviors. 

Symptoms of OCD:
A person with OCD might...

  • have obsessions (thoughts) that are repetitive, irrational and/or unwanted. These obsessive thoughts may include fear of contamination, the need for symmetry and exactness, safety issues, and religious preoccupation.
  • perform compulsive behaviors to try and manage their stress and control their anxiety, avoid their feelings, and/or calm themselves down. Compulsions (behaviors) can include counting, arranging, and cleaning, doing things in exact sequence, hoarding and/or checking and rechecking. Unfortunately, the ritualistic compulsions may only work for a little while before the cycle repeats.
  • understand that their thoughts and behaviors don't make sense, but they are unable to stop them.  

PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder)
PTSD is a mental health disorder that can develop after a person is exposed to a traumatic event. This may be in the form of recurring dreams of the event, flashbacks, or bad memories that won’t go away. Flashbacks are recurrent and vivid recollections of a traumatic experience. They can often be triggered by sights, sounds or smells. Flashbacks can show up without a moment’s notice, affecting a person’s ability to function. A person with PTSD may have nightmares or flashbacks even years later, after the danger has passed, and they are otherwise safe.

While many sufferers of PTSD are soldiers returning from war zones, others include victims and witnesses of other types of trauma. Other types of trauma may include child abuse, violent crime, a car crash, or natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods, or fires. While two people may experience the same event, one may recover while the other has recurring nightmares and flashbacks.

Symptoms of PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder):
A person with PTSD might...

  • experience emotional numbness.
  • have terrifying and recurrent flashbacks or nightmares that occur after the traumatic event has ended, and they are no longer in danger.
  • have an ongoing fear.
  • feel a sense of helplessness that can lead to angry outbursts.
  • constantly be watchful, on edge and easily startled.
treatment

It is not helpful to try to convince someone with an anxiety or stress-related disorder that there is nothing for them to worry about.

Treatment for OCD:

  • Medications, including anti-anxiety medications and/or antidepressants prescribed by a psychiatrist, can calm the symptoms of stress.
  • Working with a mental health professional can help someone with OCD manage their stress and anxiety.
  • Family and friends can also provide important support.

Treatment for PTSD:

  • Therapy that involves carefully re-exposing the person to situations that safely remind them of the trauma. 
  • As with all mental health disorders, it is very important to get early treatment.
  • A good diet, exercise, sleep, and self-calming techniques can help manage stress.
  • There are medications that are prescribed by a psychiatrist that can be helpful. 
  • Family and friends can also provide important support.
providing support

WAYS TO HELP SOMEONE WITH OCD or PTSD...

  • Using the term OCD as a way to describe someone who is particularly neat, can be hurtful and disrespectful to those who are diagnosed with either of these disorders.
  • Understand that it can be challenging to have a friendship/relationship with someone diagnosed with PTSD or OCD. DON’T TAKE IT PERSONALLY if they shut you out initially.
  • Practice ACTIVE LISTENING.
  • Avoid giving advice.
  • Set aside your curiosity and don’t ask questions about what it is like for them.
  • If someone has a diagnosis of PTSD, asking them to talk about the trauma is not helpful.
  • Try to engage the person in fun activities. Physical activities and be especially helpful.
  • Be supportive and comforting by being present and respecting boundaries.
  • Be calm yourself, as this is helpful to the other person.
  • Try to create regular opportunities to connect (e.g., having lunch together every Tuesday).

WAYS TO SUPPORT ANYONE WITH A MENTAL HEALTH DISORDER...

  • Educate yourself about the disorder.
  • Listen to your friend when they want to talk.
  • Keep checking in with your friend.
  • Use 1st person language. Say,
    “My friend has OCD.” not “My friend is obsessed.”
  • Reassure your friend of your support and understanding.

HELPFUL THINGS TO SAY...

  • “It’s not your fault.”
  • “I’m listening.”
  • “I am here for you.”
  • “It’s the illness that causes these thoughts and feelings.”
  • “This must be really difficult for you.”

HURTFUL THINGS TO SAY...

  • “It’s all in your head.”
  • “What’s wrong with you?”
  • “Get over yourself, you have no reason to feel that way.”
  • “Shouldn’t you be better by now?”

DO NOT [HURTFUL ACTIONS]... 

  • ...tell a friend to “Snap out of it!”
  • ...diagnose.
  • ...gossip.
  • ...take your friend’s withdrawal personally.

Find additional information on our Mental Health Disorders page and other suggestions on our Understanding Stigma page >>

test your knowledge

Can you answer these questions?

  1. What do the letters OCD stand for? What do the letters PTSD stand for?
  2. What is the definition of OCD?
    What are the signs and symptoms of OCD?
  3. What is the definition of PTSD?
    What are the signs and symptoms of PTSD?
  4. What treatments are available for people experiencing the symptoms of these disorders?
  5. What can you do to support someone with either of these stress-related disorders?
  6. How do you think stigma might affect a person with either of these disorders?

*Hint: Read the OCD/PTSD facts at the top of this page to find the answers for 1-5. And view our Understanding Stigma page for question #6.

videos

stress-related disorders • ocd • ptsd

Understanding Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Animated Minds
What PTSD Is Really Like
What is PTSD?
OCD • PTSD

myths

Know the facts.

myth #1: OCD is rare in kids

Fact: At least 1 in every 200 kids and teens has obsessive compulsive disorder.

This is about the same number of children who have diabetes.

While signs of OCD can start at any age, the onset of symptoms is typically between the ages of 10 and 12 or between late teens and early adulthood.

- Adapted from International OCD Foundation  

myth #2: People who are extremely neat or picky have OCD

Fact: General neatness or being picky does not mean someone has OCD.

Rather, people with OCD experience extreme anxiety from thoughts and images (obsessions) that force them to perform rituals (compulsions).

It is considered a disorder when symptoms last more than an hour a day and interfere with daily life.   

- Adapted from Child Mind Institute

myth #3: OCD is is rooted in childhood experiences

Fact: Many people mistakenly believe that people who exhibit signs of OCD grew up in dysfunctional homes and have poor self-esteem.

Researchers believe that having OCD as an adult has very little to do with one's childhood.

However, there is a possible genetic component, meaning that OCD can run in families.   

- International OCD Foundation   

myth #4: People should be able to move on with their lives after a traumatic event and those who can't cope are weak

Fact: Many people who experience an extremely traumatic event go through an adjustment period following the experience. 

The stress caused by trauma can affect all aspects of a person's life, including mental, emotional and physical well-being.

 With treatment, most people are able to return to leading their lives.    

- Adapted from PTSD Alliance  

myth #5: PTSD always happens right after the traumatic event

Fact: Post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms may not appear until years after the trauma.

- Adapted from The Mayo Clinic

myth #6: PTSD only affects war veterans

Fact: Although PTSD does affect war veterans, PTSD can affect anyone.

Almost 70 percent of Americans will be exposed to a traumatic event in their lifetime (e.g., car accidents, domestic violence, crime).

Of those people, up to 20% will go on to develop PTSD.   

- Adapted from PTSD Alliance

CONNECT WITH

resources

It's OK to ask for help.
Talk to a trusted adult.

resources, crisis phone & text hotlines

Visit YouthWell.org to find local Santa Barbara County mental health resources.


If you or someone you know has harmed themselves or is in immediate risk of harm CALL 911 immediately.

SAFTY ~ Safe Alternatives for Treating Youth 

  • 888-334-2777 - SAFTY is a mobile crisis response service available daily 8am-8pm, providing crisis intervention, phone, and in-home support, and linkage to mental health services. Available to all SB County youth, age 0-20, regardless of insurance or ability to pay. 

Crisis Text Line

  • Text SIGNS to 741741 for 24/7, anonymous, free crisis counseling.
    Crisis Text Line serves anyone, in any type of crisis, providing access to free, 24/7 support and information via text. A live, trained Crisis Counselor receives the text and responds quickly.

Suicide Prevention Lifeline

  • 1-800-273-TALK (8255)  or  ONLINE LIVE CHAT
    24-hour, toll-free, confidential suicide prevention hotline available to anyone in suicidal crisis or emotional distress. Your call is routed to the nearest crisis center in the national network of 150+ crisis center

READ

youth wellness connection clubs

YWC Clubs are campus-based and open to all 9th-12th grade students. Club ambassadors are upstanders that raise awareness and reduce stigma around mental health by promoting self-care and kindness through connection, prevention, education & outreach activities!

VISIT WCCLUBS.org LEARN MORE >

  • Meetings are weekly at lunch...
    [MON] DPHS & SMHS and [WED] CHS & SBHS.
  • Club meetings are an opportunity to make connections, participate in campus leadership, earn volunteer hours, and make a difference in changing your campus culture.
  • YWC Clubs conduct monthly wellness campaigns and events on campus in collaboration with other clubs and campus resources. The YOU MATTER campaigns are all about celebrating every person's value and worth!  This includes our students, our teachers, and families in our community. The goal of the YWC is to help students remember that their life matters, that we care about them and that it is OK to ask for help. There are support resources available on campus and in our community.

GET CLUB MEETING REMINDERS
If students are interested in receiving a reminder when meetings are being held on their campus, they can go to YWC website to join OR...

  • Get club reminders by TEXTING PHONE #: 81010
    and then text the code for your school...

    • CHS: @carpYWC
      or click link CHS
    • DPHS: @dpYWC
      or click link DPHS
    • SBHS: @sbYWC
      or click link SBHS
    • SMHS: @smYWC
      or click link SMHS
    • and then press SEND

CONTACT

  • coordinator@wcclubs.org

mental wellness center resources

Learning about mental health is the first step to wellness. The Mental Wellness Center (MWC) can help families find medical and professional care, as well as teach important skills on how to manage your mental health. Many families in our community have teenagers that are struggling with depression, anxiety, ADHD and other mental health issues. It can be overwhelming as a parent to find support for your teenager and difficult to talk about. The MWC is focused on providing a safe and confidentialspace for families to connect with others, access community resources and get the support your family needs.


MWC: YOUTH & TEENS

Keeping Connected Group
Come discuss life, work on communication and social skills and enjoy time with your peers! This weekly group brings together teens, 14-18, to learn emotion management in a fun, safe place. Learn and practice self-management skills for better self-regulation. Drop-ins are welcome.

YOUTH Wellness Connection • COUNCIL & Clubs
The YWC Council is a high school leadership program that educates, empowers and engages students. We bring students together from multiple schools that are interested in serving in a leadership role in the YWC Clubs on their campuses. They design monthly wellness campaigns for their campuses to raise awareness and reduce stigma around mental health by promoting self-care, connection, and kindness. wcclubs.org

Mental Health Matters • 6th & 9th GRADE CLASSES
MHM teaches basic facts about mental health to sixth and ninth grade students in the classroom. Instructors talk about stigma and how it affects our perceptions of mental illness and taking care of ourselves. Students learn the facts, including symptoms and warning signs, of specific mental health disorders.


MWC: PARENTS & CAREGIVERS

SPOT ~ Support for Parents of Teens
A peer support group for parents and caregivers of teens, 12-26, struggling with mental health or substance abuse from crisis to aftercare. Parents can connect with others, gain tools, find resources, and learn to manage their children’s needs without sacrificing their own. There are weekly groups to accommodate busy schedules.

  • Drop-ins are welcome.
  • Tuesdays, 12:00-1:30pm for moms
  • Evening group for parents and caregivers

Family Advocate
The MWC Family Advocate can assist families and provide assistance in understanding and navigating the local public and private mental health systems and on how to access various clinical and support services available in our community and we offer one-on-one support in times of crisis. 805.884.8440 x3206


MWC: PARENT EDUCATION & TRAININGS

Mental Health First Aid
This 8-hour course is offered monthly at the MWC and teaches participants how to identify, understand and respond to signs of mental illnesses and substance use disorders. It also teaches an action plan to use in a psychiatric emergency. This course can be customized and provided on-site in schools and organizations.

4th Thursday Speaker Presentations
MWC offers with the Southern SB County NAMI Chapter presentations with dynamic speakers on topics of local interest related to mental health. View the MWC calendar on our website for upcoming speakers and panels.

NAMI • Family-to-Family Educational Classes
This 12-week course helps families better understand how their family member experiences their illness, how to best support the recovery process and how to better cope with the impact on the entire family. Contact the MWC Family Advocate to inquire or reserve a place in the next series. 805.884.8440 x3206

mental wellness center Library

The MWC Library Online Catalog is freely available on the internet. Simply input “MWC Library” as the library name; no password is required.

You may check out the library collection during MWC open hours or formal meeting periods. Contact the MWC Receptionist or your Support Group Facilitator to register as a Library patron and obtain information on Library procedures.

For further information, please contact MWC Librarian: joan.ariel@gmail.com.

One of the very best ways to deal with issues, experiences, and uncertainties surrounding mental health disorders is to become informed and increase your knowledge. The Library at the Mental Wellness Center provides books for independent learning available for loan to MWC clients and client families.

The collection covers a wide variety of topics related to mental health and wellness. It contains books on a range of mental health disorders including ADD/ADHD, anxiety disorders, bipolar mood disorder, depression, eating disorders, and schizophrenia. Materials on client and family coping and survival strategies, drug abuse in dual diagnosis, and suicide are also available. You will also find a limited selection of materials on psychopharmacology, memoirs, some relevant fiction, and a small collection of books written for children and teens.